Just like we measure a business's revenue and turnover rates, its corporate reputation is equally as important yet more challenging to measure. Despite our inability to precisely “calculate” corporate reputation, the future of your business relies on your ability to keep it in good standing.
It’s so important, in fact, that 97 percent of travel business owners say online reputation management is vital to their business. We also see this in airlines. Would you pay more for a flight ticket if the airline had a more favorable reputation?
It’s not just the travel industry that benefits from a likable corporate reputation.
On average, global executives attribute 63 percent of their company’s market value to their company’s overall reputation.
The statistics are overwhelming and confirm that reputation can lift, sink, or otherwise change the value of a company (more on that later).
This article will dive into the concept of corporate reputation—why it matters and how to measure it. Then, we’ll describe specific examples of how companies have overcome or succumbed to, reputation disasters.
But how does one calculate the value of reputation?
Ask yourself what it would cost to build your brand today from scratch. Some brands are worth more than others because they can sell goods and services at a premium. For example, if you select Coca-Cola over an unrecognized brand that is less expensive, you decide to buy a more expensive brand based on its reputation.
What is that worth? This article outlines a relatively simple way to calculate brand value.
- Why corporate reputation matters
- Corporate reputation brand analysis
- How to measure corporate reputation
- What are today’s top brands
- Corporate reputation FAQs
Why corporate reputation matters
It’s easier to think of the big-picture effects of a fluctuating reputation to assess just how much reputation matters. For example, if a company’s corporate sentiment is positive, it can expect to see:
- Increased revenue and stock prices
- Decreased churn rate
- Increased customer lifetime value
- Better job candidates and employees
On the flip side, a negative corporate sentiment will surely cause stock prices to dip, customers to choose the competition, and higher turnover and less qualified employees.
So, with these two futures in mind, it is clear that it’s worth taking the time to improve (or to uphold) your corporate reputation. But how do you do that in an ever-changing market? Let’s look at some examples of brands that have survived shifts in their reputation and how we can learn from their experiences to avoid common pitfalls.
The financial value of reputation
Reputation has a profound impact on a company's financial health. Studies show that reputation contributes between 3-7.5 percent of revenues yearly and that reputation should be considered an investment and not a cost to a company.
Here are a few of the ways that reputation is linked to financial value:
- Improved consumer trust, investor confidence, and overall market perception
- Ability to attract and retain customers and command premium pricing for products and services
- Mitigate risks during crises
Corporate reputation brand analysis
Reputations can change quickly without notice. One day, your company may seem reputationally secure—you have loyal champions of your brand, you can charge a premium for your products or services, and the general public has a favorable opinion regarding your company.
But what happens when something goes sour? The stronger your corporate reputation is, the easier it will be for your brand to overcome publicity disasters. Whether an executive made a bad decision or you were associated with negative media backlash, your reputation can potentially save you from a crisis.
Let’s look at the reputation journeys of a few brands and how they handled their reputation crises.
Coca-Cola’s lasting brand reputation
The soft drink behemoth has had its fair share of reputation scandals but continues to overcome them all. Why? Its reputation is so strong that people will remain loyal to the brand even in hot water.
How much is Coca-Cola's brand worth?
Coca-Cola dominates the charts year after year for its reputation and brand recognition. Valued at $80 billion, Coca-Cola was ranked #5 in Interbrand’s Best Global Brands 2018 list. Here are a few reasons why Coca-Cola resonates so strongly with its audience.
- Emotional appeal: Coca-Cola has a proven track record of listening to its customers and adapting to changing customer needs. Time after time, they have swiftly resolved customer complaints or corporate crises.
- Financial performance: People trust companies that are doing well financially. A healthy financial forecast shows that a company is profitable and offers a low-risk investment.
- Corporate communications: Coca-Cola is transparent with its marketing and communications. Coca-Cola has established itself as a leader by sharing company news and events and appealing to emotions.
With such a strong reputation, Coca-Cola can overcome mistakes faster and easier than companies without such clout. Take, for instance, a 1999 policy that Coca-Cola tested in which vending machines would automatically raise prices during the summer heat. This resulted in a huge backlash at the time, as customers in hotter climates felt unfairly targeted based on where they lived. The policy didn’t last long, resulting in Coca-Cola pulling the idea and hiring a new CEO.
Coca-Cola survived the incident relatively unscathed. Would a company with less brand loyalty have been able to do the same? Probably not.
How Salesforce grew its reputation
Salesforce entered the market in 1999. Unknown and competing with top established brands like Microsoft and Oracle, Salesforce didn’t stand a chance. Salesforce was even called “the ant at the picnic” for taking on Siebel. So, how did this little “ant” grow up to be one of the most significant forces in CRM software? By building a strong corporate reputation. Here are a few ways they did it:
- Guerilla marketing: Salesforce broke into the scene by leading creative events that created a reason for the media to report on them. Rather than trying to promote themselves in the traditional sense, Salesforce made news that landed them in the media.
- Social responsibility: Today’s consumers have high expectations when it comes to social responsibility, and they are more likely to support brands that hold commitments to improve society.
- Vision and leadership: Salesforce has a clear vision for the future and a consistently well-liked CEO.
Volkswagen survived its emissions scandal
Let's take a look at Volkswagen's big emissions scandal in late 2015. The brand took a reputational beating when the EPA discovered Volkswagen was manipulating its emissions tests. Volkswagen admitted to the intentional manipulation and, as a result, lost stakeholder trust, plummeted in the stock market, and faced numerous lawsuits. All of this put a huge dent in its reputation.
Following the emissions scandal, Volkswagen put an intensive recovery plan into motion. After aggressive rebuilding, the brand is still very successful today. If a scandal like this had happened to a smaller brand with less loyal customers, it may have been enough to sink them for good.
Tactics Volkswagen used to overcome its emissions scandal:
- Admission of guilt: Volkswagen immediately admitted to its mistake and quickly put a plan in place to rebuild its reputation.
- Apologized to customers: Volkswagen offered compensation and other perks to customers in an effort to mitigate the effects this situation would have on them.
- Company culture: Volkswagen made structural changes that streamlined the decision-making process to enable faster decisions and increased efficiency.
How to measure corporate reputation
There’s no shortage of lists and descriptions of how to measure corporate reputation online. However, the formula, criteria, and rankings vary greatly depending on which website you check. Here are a few of the top ways to measure corporate reputation.
- Search engine research: A simple Google search can go a long way. Search your company or your competitors to get a sense of the mood surrounding each. Check out Google’s news tab for more current search results.
- In-depth research: Once you’ve run a diagnostic search, begin to dig deeper into the blogs, articles, and reviews you find to discover how and why the sentiment is what it is.
- Social research: Perform social listening to find out what the social buzz is around your business.
The above tactics will give you a good idea of the general sentiment surrounding your corporate reputation. Having more positive posts about your business than negative is critical to your business's success. Since 64% of consumers trust search engine results more than traditional media, you want to make sure that what they see on the Internet is a positive reflection of your business.
By actively measuring your corporate reputation, you can develop more effective strategies to maintain and drive business growth. You’ll know how and when to spend those valuable marketing dollars on seeing results. In addition to the research techniques listed above, here are a few more best practices for measuring and improving your corporate reputation.
Set fluid goals
We’ve already established that corporate reputation is intangible. One of the biggest mistakes executives often make trying to quantify reputation is to set measurement criteria or even to assign a number to it. Instead of approaching the measurement as a hard and fast number, consider it as more of an instrument capable of evolving with changing trends and goals. Corporate reputation and business growth are closely intertwined, so as your success metrics change, so should your corporate reputation measurement factors.
Consider your audience
It is important to be true to the public’s sentiment when measuring your reputation and to avoid letting any internal biases affect your measurement. Keep in mind that “the public” can be segmented into several key groups: stakeholders, investors, employees, customers, influencers, haters, etc. It is beneficial to take into account how each of these groups is affecting your corporate reputation and to develop specific strategies for each group to improve or maintain your reputation. What matters to one group may prove to be useless to another.
Execute an action plan
When dealing with measurement as fluid in nature as corporate reputation, it is important to develop an action plan that you stick to over time. Half the battle with measuring your reputation is being consistent. Set priorities for what you’re going to measure, develop a roadmap as to how, and establish accountability for the team members responsible for collecting the data.
By consistently measuring your corporate reputation over time you can be in a better position to detect any reputational crises and will be better equipped to handle them if and when they arise.
What are today’s top brands?
YouGov’s 2018 Global Best Brand Ranking shows the top brands worldwide. The list is compiled based on surveys with more than six million people to find out how people feel about each brand. Respondents were asked, “If you've heard anything about the brand in the last two weeks, through advertising, news, or word of mouth, was it positive or negative?”
Here are the results:
Top value of brands
The brands that top this list not only have successful reputations but they are also hugely successful financially. Each company that made this list enjoys a healthy amount of champions of their brand as well as a strong financial worth.
Every company’s reputation changes over time, and each journey is full of its own nuances and challenges. Although it is impossible to craft a formula for defining your corporate reputation, the fact is that it’s extremely important and absolutely worth the time and effort required to maintain it.
A positive corporate reputation will result in increased revenue and stock prices, decreased churn rate, increased customer lifetime value, and even better job candidates and employees. The bottom line is clear: your corporate reputation defines the value of your company.
You can maintain your reputation by following some of the ideas discussed earlier in this blog or by checking out our in-depth article about reputation management strategy. If you need more help building your reputation or recovering from a crisis, feel free to contact us to start building a personalized strategy.
Corporate reputation FAQs
What is corporate reputation?
Corporate reputation is the impression that stakeholders have of your business. Stakeholders include customers, employees, shareholders, competitors, influencers, and just about anyone who has ever heard of your business. Key drivers of corporate reputation include company values, quality of products or services offered, employee sentiment and workplace environment, business methods, customer service, and market value.
How do you calculate the value of reputation?
Reputation is difficult to quantify, but it is one of the most important measurements to understand about your business. You can measure corporate reputation by Googling your business name, performing social listening, and calculating your net promoter score.
What are the benefits of a good corporate reputation?
A good corporate reputation can lead to increased revenue and stock prices, decreased churn rate, increased customer lifetime value, and better job candidates and employees.
About the author
Brianne Schaer is a Writer and Editor for Reputation X, an award-winning online reputation management services agency based in California. Brianne has more than seven years of experience creating powerful stories, how-to documentation, SEO articles, and Wikipedia content for brands and individuals. When she’s not battling AI content bots, she is cruising around town in her Karmann Ghia. You can see more of her articles here and here.